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Ghana Facts and Information

Ghana Facts and Information

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View of Jamestown harbour, Accra Ghana
Harry Hook/The Image Bank/Getty Images

Ghana Basic Facts:

Ghana is one of West Africa's most popular tourist destinations. It's a relatively safe and friendly country filled with interesting historical sights, lots of culture, colorful festivals, good beaches and decent wildlife parks.

Location: Ghana is located in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo, see map.
Area: 239,460 sq km, (slightly smaller than the UK).
Capital City: Accra
Population: Over 23 million people live in Ghana
Language: English (official) and many African languages including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga.
Religion: Christian 63%, Muslim 16% and indigenous beliefs 21%.
Climate: Ghana has a tropical climate, it is warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north. Rainy seasons are April - June and September - November in the center and south; March - September in the north. More about Ghana's climate...
When to Go: The best time to visit Ghana is December to February... Read more
Currency: The Cedi, click here for currency converter.

Ghana's Main Attractions:

  • Cape Coast Castle and Elmina are Ghana's most impressive slave forts. Tours of the dungeons are depressing but of course educational. A fine museum at Cape Coast Castle documents the slave-trade and Elmina town is also wonderful to explore.More about slave-tours in Ghana...

  • Accra, Ghana's bustling capital is home to the fascinating Makola market as well as some of the regions best nightclubs. Accra is a fairly modern African city and relatively hassle free and safe. More about Accra...

  • Kakum National Park is a rain forest with an attractive canopy walkway to help you spot some if the wildlife that hides in the dense foliage.

  • Kumasi is the former capital of Ghana's Ashanti Kingdom and there are some excellent museums that let visitors delve into the fascinating history of the Ashanti people.

  • Mole National Park is Ghana's largest wildlife park and offers a chance for a walking safari. Elephants and lions have been reintroduced recently.

  • Beaches - Ghana has many excellent beaches with excellent surf. The best include Busua, Langma (near Kokrobite) and Butre. More about Ghana's beaches...

More about Ghana's Top Attractions...

Travel to Ghana

Ghana's International Airport: Kotaka International Airport (Airport code: ACC) lies 7 miles (12 km) from the city center of Accra, and is the main entry point into Ghana for foreign visitors.
Getting to Ghana: Most international flights into Ghana come via Europe (London, Paris, Frankfurt and Amsterdam). Regional flights are also available. Long-distance buses travel to and from the neighboring countries of Togo, Burkina Faso and Cote d'Ivoire. More about getting to Ghana.
Ghana's Embassies/Visas: All visitors to Ghana are required to have a visa unless you are a citizen of a West African country. Tourist visas are valid for 3 months from their date of issue. See Ghana's embassy web sites for more information about visas.
Ghana's Tourist Board: E-mail: gtb@africaonline.com Web Site: http://www.touringghana.com

More Ghana Practical Travel Tips.

Ghana's Economy and Politics

Economy: Well endowed with natural resources, Ghana has roughly twice the per capita output of the poorest countries in West Africa. Even so, Ghana remains heavily dependent on international financial and technical assistance. Gold and cocoa production, and individual remittances, are major sources of foreign exchange. The domestic economy continues to revolve around agriculture, which accounts for about 35% of GDP and employs about 55% of the work force, mainly small landholders. Ghana opted for debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) program in 2002, and is also benefiting from the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative that took effect in 2006. Sound macro-economic management along with high prices for gold and cocoa helped sustain GDP growth in 2008.

History and Politics: Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana in 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. Ghana endured a long series of coups before Lt. Jerry Rawlings took power in 1981 and banned political parties. After approving a new constitution and restoring multiparty politics in 1992, Rawlings won presidential elections in 1992 and 1996, but was constitutionally prevented from running for a third term in 2000. John Kufuor succeeded him and was reelected in 2004. John Atta Mills took over as head of state in early 2009.

More About Ghana and Sources

Ghana Map and Basic Facts
Ghana Travel Tips
Ghana's Top Attractions
Best time to visit Ghana
Ghana's Weather and Average Temperatures
Accra's Best Sights and Attractions Slave-Trade Tours in Ghana
CIA Factbook on Ghana
Images of Rural life in Ghana
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